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202. Present of unity of time.

The present is used in Greek of actions that are continued from the past into the present, especially with designations of time. The English translation is often the progressive perfect.

οἰκῶ ἐνταῦθ᾽ ἐκ μειρακίου”, DEM. [47]DEM., 53; I have been living there from a boy.κεῖνον γάρ, οὐδέν᾽ ἄλλον, ἰχνεύω πάλαι,SOPH. Ai. 20 ; For he it is, none other, I've been tracking long.

DEM.21.59:πάντα τὸν μετὰ ταῦτα χρόνον διδάσκει τοὺς χορούς”. [33]DEM., 4:οὔπω δ᾽ ἔτη ἐστὶν ἑπτά, ἀφ̓ οὗ τὸ μὲν πλεῖν καταλέλυκα, μέτρια δ᾽ ἔχων τούτοις πειρῶμαι ναυτικοῖς ἐργάζεσθαι”. [47]DEM., 53(see above).

LYS.17.9:οὔτε νεωστὶ ταῦτα τὰ χρήματα ἀξιοῦμεν ἡμέτερα εἶναι” .

PLATO, Conv. 172C:ἀφ᾽ οὗ δ᾽ ἐγὼ Σωκράτει συνδιατρίβω . . . οὐδέπω τρία ἔτη ἐστίν”. Phaedo 84 D:πάλαι . . . προωθεῖ καὶ κελεύει”.

HDT.3.49:νῦν δὲ αἰεὶ ἐπείτε ἔκτισαν τὴν νῆσον, εἰσὶ ἀλλήλοισι διάφοροι”. 7.102: “τῇ Ἑλλάδι πενίη . . . αἰεί κοτε σύντροφός ἐστι”. 8.62: “κομιεύμεθα ἐς Σῖριν τὴν ἐν Ἰταλίῃ, περ ἡμετέρη τέ ἐστι ἐκ παλαιοῦ ἔτι καὶ κτἑ”.

AR. Ach. 17: “ἐξ ὅτου ᾿γὼ ῥύπτομαι” (146). Vesp. 317: “τήκομαι μὲν πάλαι”. Ibid. 320: “βούλομαί γε πάλαι”.

EUR. H. F. 702-3: “χρόνος γὰρ ἤδη δαρὸς ἐξ ὅτου πέπλοις” | “κοσμεῖσθε σῶμα”.

HOM. Od. 13.377: “οἳ δή τοι τρίετες μέγαρον κάτα κοιρανέουσιν”.

Il. 1.553: “καὶ λίην σε πάρος γ᾽ οὔτ᾽ εἴρομαι οὔτε μεταλλῶ”.

So in the other moods of continuance:

LYS.17.8:ἴσασιν ἡμᾶς ἤδη τρία ἔτη ἀμφισβητοῦντας” .

HDT.8.41:αὕτη δ᾽ μελιτόεσσα ἐν τῷ πρόσθε αἰεὶ χρόνῳ ἀναισιμουμένη τότε ἦν ἄψαυστος”.

AR. Vesp. 1074: “ῥᾳδίως ἐγὼ διδάξω, κἂν ἄμουσος τὸ πρίν”, Readily will I teach him e en if he have been untrained before.

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