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226. The perfect tense expresses completion in the present, and hence is sometimes called the present perfect.

ἀκηκόατε, ἑωράκατε, πεπόνθατε,LYS. 12.100 ; You have heard, you have seen. you have felt.ἐμπεπλήκασιν ὑμῶν τὰ ὦτα”, PLATO, Apol. 23E; They have filled your ears.τέθαπται . . . Κίμων πρὸ τοῦ ἄστεος”, HDT.6.103; Kimon (has been, is) lies buried before the city.

DEM.3.22:προπέποται . . . τὰ τῆς πόλεως πράγματα”. 4.48: “πρέσβεις πέπομφεν ὡς βασιλέα”. 6.37: “ἱκανῶς εἴρηται”.

AESCHIN.2.147:ἔτη γὰρ ἤδη βεβίωκεν ἐνενήκοντα καὶ τέτταρα”. 3.186: “ἐνταῦθα ἐν Μαραθῶνι μάχη γἐγραπται”.

PLATO, Apol. 23E (see above). Gorg. 448 A:οὐδείς μέ πω ἠρώτηκε καινὸν οὐδὲν πολλῶν ἐτῶν”. Meno 93 A:ἔμοιγε . . . καὶ εἶναι δοκοῦσιν ἐνθάδε ἀγαθοὶ τὰ πολιτικά, καὶ γεγονέναι ἔτι οὐχ ἧττον εἶναι”. Prot. 314 D:οὐκ ἀκηκόατε, ὅτι οὐ σχολὴ αὐτῷ”;

XEN. Hell. 6.5.37: “δένδρα ἐκκεκόφασι καὶ οἰκἰας κατακεκαύκασι καὶ χρήματα καὶ πρόβατα διηρπάκασι”.

HDT.6.103(see above). 7.162: “ἐκ τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ τὸ ἔαρ . . . ἐξαραίρηται”.

SOPH. Ai. 480:πάντ᾽ ἀκήκοας λόγον” .

PIND. O. 10.1-3: “τὸν Ὀλυμπιονίκαν ἀνάγνωτέ μοι” | . . . “πόθι φρενὸς” | “ἐμᾶς γέγραπται” (stands written).

HOM. Od. 2.63-4: “οὐ γὰρ ἔτ᾽ ἀνσχετὰ ἔργα τετεύχαται, οὐδ᾽ ἔτι καλῶς” | “οἶκος ἐμὸς διόλωλε”.

Il. 1.125: “ἀλλὰ τὰ μὲν πολίων ἒξ ἐπράθομεν, τὰ δέδασται”.

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