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288. Perfect participle with ei)/hn a)/n.

Especially worthy of note is the periphrasis of the perfect participle with the optative “εἴην” and “ἄν”. This periphrasis gives the opinion of the speaker as to the future ascertainment of a completed action, which action may lie either in the past or in the future of the speaker.

οὐκ ἄτοπον . . . ἂν πεποιηκότες ὑμεῖς εἴητε, εἰ . . . τοῦτον ἀφείητ”(“ε”); DEM.19.71; Would you not proue to have done an absurd thing, if you were to acquit this fellow (future)? “τέχναι ὅσαιπερ σιδήρου δέονται . . . ἠφανισμέναι ἂν εἶεν”, PLATO, Legg. 678E; All the arts that require the use of iron must have disappeared (past).

DEM.19.71(see above). 30.10: “οὐκ ἂν διὰ τοῦτό γ᾽ εἶεν οὐκ εὐθὺς δε δωκότες”. 39.15: “εἴ τις δίκην ἐξούλης αὐτῷ λαχὼν μηδὲν ἐμοὶ φαίη πρὸς αὑτὸν εἶναι, κυρίαν δὲ ποιησάμενος ἐγγράψαι, τί μᾶλλον ἂν εἴη τοῦτον ἔμ᾽ ἐγγεγραφώς”;

ISOC.12.130:οὐκ ἔχω τίνας ἐπαίνους εἰπὼν ἀξίους ἂν εἴην εἰρηκὼς τῆς ἐκείνων διανοίας”.

LYS.1.2:καὶ ταῦτα οὐκ ἂν εἴη μόνον παρ᾽ ὑμῖν οὕτως ἐγνωσμένα, ἀλλ̓ ἐν ἁπάσῃ τῇ Ἑλλάσι” . 31.4:εἰρηκὼς ἂν εἴην” , (In that case) I should prove to have spoken.

PLATO, Charm. 157C:ἕρμαιον . . . γεγονὸς ἂν εἴη τῆς κεφαλῆς ἀσθένεια τῷ νεανίσκῳ, εἰ ἀναγκασθήσεται καὶ τὴν διάνοιαν διὰ τὴν κεφαλὴν βελτίων γενέσθαι”. Legg. 670 E. 678 E. 696 D. 753 E. 782 A. 800 A. 880 E. 892 A. 896 C. Ibid. D. 907 C: “καλῶς ἡμῖν εἰρημένον ἂν εἴη τὸ προοίμιον”, Our introduction must have been a good thing. Meno, 85 D. Phaedr. 262 D. 263 C.

XEN. Cyr. 1.2.13: “ἐπειδὰν . . . τὰ πέντε καὶ εἴκοσιν ἔτη διατελέσωσιν, εἴησαν . . . ἂν οὗτοι πλεῖόν τι γεγονότες τὰ πεντήκοντα ἔτη ἀπὸ γενεᾶς”.

EUR. Hipp. 349: “ἡμεῖς ἂν εἶμεν θατέρῳ κεχρημένοι” (306).

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