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45. Plural of Abstract Nouns:

DEM. [26]DEM., 19:διὰ τὰς τούτων ἀπονοίας”. 38.21: “φόνοι καὶ ὕβρεις”, Murders and outrages. [42]DEM., 8:περὶ τῶν ἄλλων ἀκούσεσθε πάσας τὰς ἀληθείας”.

ISOC.7.4:τοῖς πλούτοις, ταῖς δυναστείαις, ταῖς ἐνδείαις, ταῖς ταπεινότησι”. 7.44: “εἰδότες τὰς ἀπορίας μὲν διὰ τὰς ἀργίας γιγνομένας, τὰς δὲ κακουργίας διὰ τὰς ἀπορίας”. 8.90: “ἐν σιτοδείαις καὶ πολιορκίαις”. (See note on Isocrates above, 42.)

PLATO, Phaed. 84C:πολλἄς γὰρ δὴ ἔτι ἔχει” (sc. “τὰ λεχθέντα”) “ὑποψίας καὶ ἀντιλαβάς”.

XEN. Hell. 6.3.8:ἐοίκατε τυραννίσι μᾶλλον πολιτείαις ἡδόμενοι” .

THUC.6.77.1:Λεοντίνων τε ξυγγενῶν κατοικίσεις καὶ Ἐγεσταίων ξυμμάχων ἐπικουρίας”.

HDT.3.40:ἐμοὶ δὲ αἱ σαὶ μεγάλαι εὐτυχίαι οὐκ ἀρέσκουσι”.

σκέψαι . . . ἡδονῶν . . . ὅσων μέλλεις ἀποστερεῖσθαι
παίδων, γυναικῶν, κτἑ

. 1075:τὰς τῆς φύσεως ἀνάγκας” .

EUR. H. F. 835: “μανίας”.

SOPH. El. 873:φέρω γὰρ ἡδονάς” .

PIND. O. 1.14: “ἀρετᾶν”. So forms of “ἀρεταί”, ibid. 92; 2.12; 4.9; 5.1; 15, etc. Ibid. 9.39: “μανίαισιν”. Ibid. 9.99 and N. 9.31: “ἀγλαΐαισιν”. N. 11.48: “μανίαι”.

HOM. Od. 1.297:νηπιάας” . 12.341:πάντες μὲν στυγεροὶ θάνατοι δειλοῖσι βροτοῖσι” . 17.244:ἀγλαΐας” .

Il. 4.107: “ἐν προδοκῇσι”. 9.115: “ἐμὰς ἄτας κατέλεξας” (metre would admit of sing.). 10.391: “πολλῇσιν . . . ἄτῃσι”.

Not so clearly concrete is the Homeric use of many other abstract plurals, chiefly datives in -“ῃσι”, and forms of nouns in -“σύνη”. Metre may have had its influence. See also Stein on HDT.3.52.

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