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140. As all verbs involve an inner object and may take an inner object, it is better to confine the term transitive to verbs that take an outer object, and when such verbs are used without an outer object, they serve to characterize the subject. So “φονεύω”, I commit murder, and “νικῶ”, I gain a victory, become I am a murderer (“φονεύς”), and I am a victor (“νικητής”). “ἄγει” (PIND. P. 2.17), she is a leader, she is in the van.

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