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239. Ingressive aorist.

The aorist often appears as the point of origin. This is due to the character of the verbs, which are chiefly denominative. Hence this aorist, which is called the ingressive aorist, is usually the first aorist. (Outset Aorist.)

ἐβασίλευσε . . . Γύγης”, HDT.1.13; Gyges became king.

PLATO, Euthyd. 276D:ἐγέλασάν τε καὶ ἐθορύβησαν”, They set up a laugh and broke out into applause.1

XEN. Hell. 2.2, [24]: “Διονύσιος . . . ἐτυράννησε” (=“τύραννος ἐγένετο”), D. became tyrant.

THUC.1.4:ἦρξέ τε καὶ οἰκιστὴς . . . ἐγένετο”, He acquired the rule and became founder.

HDT.1.13(see above). 1.19: “ἐνόσησε Ἀλυάττης”, Alyattes fell sick. 7.45: “ Ξέρξης . . . ἐδάκρυσε”, Xerxes burst into tears.

AR. Eccl. 431: “εἶτ᾽ ἐθορύβησαν κἀνέκραγον ὡς εὖ λέγοι”.

AESCHYL. P.V. 235:ἐγὼ δ᾽ ἐτόλμης”(“α”).

PIND. O. 7.37: “ἀνορούσαισ᾽ ἀλάλαξεν ὑπερμάκει βοᾷ” (gave a wild halloo).

HOM. Il. 3.259: “ῥίγησεν” (gave a shudder) “δ᾽ γέρων”. 11.546: “τρέσσε”, He took to flight.

1 It should be noted that the ingressive rendering is not a proof, but only an illustration. See C. W. E. M. in A. J. P. xvi (1895), 150-1.

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