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565. Abstract Nouns with the Article:

Under this head the influeńce of the original personification is to be considered, and the article with the abstract is almost on a line with the articular names of the gods (A. J. P. xi, 53), the “ ἀρετή” of EURIPIDES (Suppl. 596) with the “ Ἀδράστεια” of AESCHYLUS (P. V. 936). In fact it is often doubtful whether we have a personification or an abstract noun, especially in the nominative.

. . . ἐλπὶς καὶ ἔρως . . . πλεῖστα βλάπτουσι”, THUC.3.45.5; Hope and Desire do no end of harm.οὐ δίκαιον . . . τῆς ῥώμης κατηγορεῖν”, ISOC.3.4; It is not fair to bring charges against strength.

DEM.25.75:ὅταν μὲν πονηρία τιμᾶται, τὰ χρηστὰ δ᾽ ἀπορριπτηται, ὅταν τὸ δίκαιον καὶ τὸ συμφέρον ἡττᾶται τοῦ φθόνου, τότ᾽ ἄνω κάτω πάντα γρὴ νομίζειν ἐστράφθαι”.

ISOC.2.12:τὴν ἐπιμέλειαν ... τῆς παιδεύσεως καὶ τῆς ἐπιμελείας. 3.4: τὴν ἀνδρίαν” (also see above).

LYS.4.16:παρὰ τὴν ἀλήθειαν ῾διφφερεντ φρομτἀληθές”) ἐμοῦ κατεψεύσαντο” .

ANDOC.1.55:νῦν γὰρ ἐμὲ μὲν λόγον” (“δεῖ”) “διδόναι . . . μετὰ τῆς ἀληθείας”.

ANTIPHON, 2 “γ” 1: “ ... ἀτυχία ἀδικεῖται ὑπ᾽ αὐτοῦ”.

PLATO, Rpb. 431E:ἁρμονίᾳ τινὶ σωφροσύνη ὡμοίωται”. So “ ἀρετή, δικαιοσύνη, ἀδικία, ἀκολασία”, and numberless others.

THUC.3.45.4: μὲν πενία ... δ᾽ ἐξουσία”. 5 (see above). 6: “ τύχη”.

HDT.3.82: μουναρχίη” (monarchy) “κράτιστον ... κόθεν ἡμῖν ἐλευθερίη ἐγένετο”;

AR. Eq. 191-2: “ δημαγωγία γὰρ οὐ πρὸς μουσικοῦ” | “ἔτ᾽ ἐστὶν ἀνδρός”. Vesp. 834: “τί ποτε τὸ χρῆμ᾽; ὡς δεινὸν φιλοχωρία”. Av. 376: γὰρ εὐλάβεια σῴζει πάντα” .

EUR. Phoen. 469: “ἁπλοῦς μῦθος τῆς ἀληθείας ἔφυ”.

SOPH. Ai. 157:πρὸς γὰρ τὸν ἔχονθ᾽ φθόνος ἕρπει” .

AESCHYL. Ag. 1669: “μιαίνων τὴν δίκην”. fr. 176:ἁπλᾶ γάρ ἐστι τῆς ἀληθείας ἔπη”.

PIND. P. 3.114-5: “ δ᾽ ἀρετὰ κλειναῖς ἀοιδαῖς” | “χρονία τελέθει”.

THEOGN. 526: “ πενίη δὲ κακῷ σύμφορος ἀνδρὶ φέρειν”.

TYRTAE. 3: “ φιλοχρηματία Σπάρταν ὀλεῖ, ἄλλο δὲ οὐδέν”.

HES. O. et D. 287-9: “τὴν μέν τοι κακότητα ... ἔστιν ἑλέσθαι” | “ῥηιδίως” . . . | “τῆς δ᾽ ἀρετῆς ἱδρῶτα θεοὶ προπάροιθεν ἔθηκαν”. (Both contrast and personification.)

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