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241. Ingressive translation of second aorist.

Ingressive translations are, of course, possible with a number of second aorists, as “ἔστην”, I took a stand,ἔβην”, I took a step; but there is not the same contrast between state and entrance upon a state as in the first aorist, not the same “πόρευσις εἰς τὸ εἶναι”, as it is called by a late writer, [PLATO ], Deff. 411 A. Especially common is the ingressive translation of “ἔσχον. ἔχω”, I hold,ἔσχον”, I took hold;ἔχω”, I possess, I am possessor, have,ἔσχον”, I took possession, I got. This is all the more natural as “ἔχω” connotes a state and is often used in periphrases with verbal nouns. “αἰτίαν ἔσχον”=“ᾐτιάθην”, got blamed (see 178).

δὲ Κυαξάρης . . . τὴν βασιλείαν ἔσχε”=“ἐβασίλευσε”=“βασιλεὺς ἐγένετο”, XEN. Cyr. 1.5.2; Cyaxares succeeded to the throne.

XEN. Cyr. 1.5.2 (see above).

THUC.1.12.3:Δωριῆς . . . ὀγδοηκοστῷ ἔτει ξὺν Ἡρακλείδαις Πελοπόννησον ἔσχον” (cf. “ᾤκησαν” ibid.). 1.103.4:καὶ ἔσχον Ἀθηναῖοι Μέγαρα καὶ Πηγάς” . 4.49:αὐτοὶ Ἀκαρνᾶνες οἰκήτορες ἀπὸ πάντων ἔσχον τὸ χωρίον” . 4.95.3:τὴν Βοιωτίαν ποτὲ ἔσχον” . 8.23.3:τοὺς ἀντιστάντας μάχῃ νικήσαντες τὴν πόλιν ἔσχον” . 8.106.1:τὴν . . . νίκην ταύτην . . . ἔσχον” , They gained this victory.

AR. Ran. 1035: “τιμὴν καὶ κλέος ἔσχεν”.

PIND. O. 2.10: “ἱερὸν ἔσχον οἴκημα ποταμοῦ”. P. 1.65: “ἔσχον δ᾽ Ἀμύκλας ὄλβιοι”. 3.24: “ἔσχε τοιαύταν μεγάλαν ἀϝάταν” (cf. HOM. Il. 16.685: “μέγ᾽ ἀάσθη”).

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