previous next

447. Optative with a)/n in dependent discourse.

The optative with “ἄν” is less frequently used in dependent discourse, chiefly in relative, interrogative, and conditional sentences. In these combinations, the optative with “ἄν” is often a semi-quotation or reference to a known or imagined state of mind.

ἕκαστός τι ὑμῶν ἔχει πρὸς βούλοιτο ἄν με πρῶτον ἀπολογεῖσθαι”, ANDOC.1.8; Each of you has some point which he would wish me to meet first in my defence.βουλευόμενοι Θηβαῖοι ὅπως ἂν τὴν ἡγεμονίαν λάβοιεν τῆς Ἑλλάδος”, XEN. Hell. 7.1.33; The Thebans planning how they could (saying: “πῶς ἂν λάβοιμεν”; how can we?) gain the primacy of Greece.εἰ μὲν οὖν ἄλλους ἔχετε οἷστισιν ἂν δοίητε αὐτούς” (sc. “τοὺς ἵππους”), . . . “ἐκείνοις δίδοτε: εἰ μέντοι ἡμᾶς ἂν βούλοισθε παραστάτας μάλιστα ἔχειν, ἡμῖν αὐτοὺς δότε”, XEN. Cyr. 4.5.47; If you have others to whom you would give the horses, offer them to them; if, however, you would like most to have us as your stand-bys, give them to us.

For other examples, see Relative, Conditional, and Interrogative Sentences.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: