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58. But the National Appellative with the article is often used of the king, the ruler, the general, and in some instances it is doubtful whether the nation en masse or its representatives are meant.

AESCHIN.2.74:τῆς ἐν Σαλαμῖνι πρὸς τὸν Πέρσην” (“Ξέρξην”) “ναυμαχίας”, to be compared with § 75: “τὴν . . . ἐν Πλαταιαῖς πρὸς τοὺς Πέρσας πεζομαχίαν”.

DEM. [7]DEM., 6:παρὰ τοῦ Μακεδόνος”, Philip. [17]DEM., 10 sqq.: “ Μακεδών”, Alexander.

XEN. An. 1.2.12 sqq.: Κίλισσα” , The Cilician queen. Cyr. 1.1.4: Σκύθης . . . Θρᾷξ . . . Ἰλλυριός” . Ibid. 2.1.5: Ἀσσύριος” , and elsewhere. Ibid. 3.3.2: γυνὴ τοῦ Ἀρμενίου” , and so “ Ἀρμένιος” and forms often in Xenophon's Cyropaedia.

HDT.1.141 and elsewhere: “ Λυδός”=Croesus. 7.173: “ Μακεδών”. 8.108: “ Πέρσης” and “τὸν Πέρσην”, and so elsewhere.

On the distributive use of the singular, see 43.

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