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253. Aorist translated by the pluperfect.

We often translate the aorist by a pluperfect for the sake of clearness.

τοῖς ἰδίοις χρήσεσθαι ἔφη, πατὴρ αὐτῷ ἔδωκεν”, XEN. Hell. 1.5.3; He said that he would use his own means, which his father had given him.

XEN. Hell. 1.5.3 (see above). 7.2.19: “ὡς δὲ τὴν νύκτα ἠγρύπνησαν, ἐκάθευδον μέχρι πόρρω τῆς ἡμέρας”, As they had been awake all night, they slept until far into the day.

THUC.7.1.3:τὰς γὰρ ναῦς ἀνείλκυσαν ἐν Ἱμέρᾳ”, The ships they had beached in Himera.

HDT.4.146:αἱ δὲ ἐπείτε ἐσῆλθον, ποιέουσι τοιάδε”. 147: “δεινὸν ποιεύμενος ἄρχεσθαι ὑπ᾽ ἄλλων ἐπείτε ἐγεύσατο ἀρχῆς”.

For other examples, see Temporal Sentences.

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