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124. Agreement of copula with predicate.

The copula (copulative verb) often agrees with the predicate. Cf. “The wages of sin is death.” This is true also when the copula is in the form of a participle.

Μυκῆναι μικρὸν ἦν”, THUC.1.10.1; Mycenae was a small affair. τε προὶξ ὀγδοήκοντα μναῖ γενήσονται”, DEM.31.7: The dowry will amount to eighty minae.ὑπεξέθεντο τὰς θυγατέρας” (sc. “Ἀπολλοφάνους”) “παιδἴ ὄν τ᾽ εἰς Ὄλυνθον”, DEM.19.194; (For safety's sake) they removed his daughters, who were little children, to Olynthus.

DEM.19.194(see above). 31.7 (see above).

ANT. 2 c 8:αἱ δ᾽ εἰσφοραὶ . . . εὐδαιμονίας μὲν . . . σημεῖόν ἐστι”.

PLATO, Legg. 732E:ἔστι δὴ φύσει ἀνθρώπειον μάλιστα ἡδοναὶ καὶ λῦπαι καὶ ἐπιθυμίαι”. Ibid. 735 E: “τοὺς γὰρ μέγιστα ἐξημαρτηκότας, ἀνιάτους δὲ ὄντας, μεγίστην δὲ οὖσαν βλάβην πόλεως”. Meno, 91 C (93). Prot. 359 D:ἐπειδὴ τὸ ἥττω εἶναι ἑαυτοῦ εὑρέθη ἀμαθία οὖσα”. Tim. 56 D-E: “τὰ δὲ ἀέρος τμήματα ἐξ ἑνὸς μέρους διαλυθέντος δὔ ἂν γενοίσθην σώματα πυρός”, The divisions of air from one particle when broken up may become two corpuscles of fire.

THUC.1.10.1(see above). 4.26.5:αἴτιον δὲ ἦν οἱ Λακεδαιμόνιοι προειπόντες” . 5.4.4:καταλαμβάνουσι καὶ Βρικιννίας, ὂν ἔρυμα ἐν τῇ Λεοντίνῃ” . 8.9.3:αἴτιον δ᾽ ἐγένετο τῆς ἀποστολῆς τῶν νεῶν οἱ μὲν πολλοὶ τῶν Χίων οὐκ εἰδότες τὰ πρασσόμενα κτἑ” .

HDT.1.93: μὲν δὴ περίοδος τοῦ σήματος εἰσὶ στάδιοι ἓξ καὶ δύο πλέθρα”. 1.163: “καὶ γὰρ καὶ περίοδος τοῦ τείχεος οὐκ ὀλίγοι στάδιοί εἰσι κτἑ”. 2.15: “τὸ δ᾽ ὦν πάλαι αἱ Θῆβαι Αἴγυπτος ἐκαλέετο, τῆς τὸ περίμετρον στάδιοί εἰσι εἴκοσι καὶ ἑκατὸν καὶ ἑξακισχίλιοι”. 2.142: “γενεαὶ γὰρ τρεῖς ἀνδρῶν ἑκατὸν ἔτεά ἐστι”, Three human generations are one hundred years. 3, 108: “ δὲ δὴ λέαινα ἐὸν ἰσχυρότατον καὶ θρασύτατον ἅπαξ ἐν τῷ βίῳ τίκτει ἕν”. 6.112: “ἦσαν δὲ στάδιοι οὐκ ἐλάσσονες τὸ μεταίχμιον αὐτῶν ὀκτώ”.

EUR. Hec. 123-4: “τὼ Θησείδα δ᾽, ὄζω Ἀθηνῶν”, | “δισσῶν μύθων ῥήτορες ἦσαν”.

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