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97. Neuter plural with singular verb.

The neuter plural is treated as a collective, and takes a singular verb.

διαρπασθήσεται τὰ χρήματα,DEM.8.54 ; Our money (treasury) will be pillaged.ἥσθη τὰ μειράκια,PLATO, Riv. 134B ; The lads were delighted.τὰ κυνίδια . . . κυβιστᾶν καὶ ἄλλα πολλὰ μανθάνει,XEN. Oec. 13.8 ; Poodles learn to turn a somersault, etc.

DEM.8.54(see above). [59]DEM., 58:ταῦτ᾽ ἔστω ὑμῖν τεκμήρια”.

ANT. 5.20:συνέπλει δὲ τά τε ἀνδράποδα”.

PLATO, Crat. 402A:πάντα χωρεῖ καὶ οὐδὲν μένει”. Riv.134B (see above).

THUC.6.32.1:ἐπειδὴ . . . ἐσέκειτο πάντα”.

HDT.7.9, “γ”): “οὐκ ἐς τοῦτο θράσεος ἀνήκει τὰ Ἑλλήνων πρήγματα”. Ibid.:ἀπὸ πείρης πάντα ἀνθρώποισι φιλέει γίνεσθαι”.

AR. N. 39-40:τὰ δὲ χρέα ... εἰς τὴν κεφαλὴν ἅπαντα τὴν σὴν τρέψεται” . Vesp. 818:τὰ δ᾽ ἄλλ᾽ ἀρέσκει μοι.

EUR. Heracl. 838: “ἦν δὲ δύο κελεύσματα”. Ibid. 1004: “τοιαῦτα δρῶντι τἄμ᾽ ἐγίγνετ᾽ ἀσφαλῆ”.

SOPH. Ph. 113:αἱρεῖ τὰ τόξα ταῦτα τὴν Τροίαν μόνα”.

AESCHYL. Pers. 418-9: “ὑπτιοῦτο δὲ” | “σκάφη νεῶν”.

PIND. O. 1.77-8: “φίλια δῶρα Κυπρίας ἄγ᾽ εἴ τι, Ποσείδαον, ἐς χάριν” | “τέλλεται”.

THEOGN. 171-2: “οὔ τοι ἄτερ θεῶν” | “γίνεται ἀνθρώποις οὔτ᾽ ἀγάθ̓ οὔτε κακά”.

HOMER. — In Homer, neuter plurals are found sometimes with the singular, sometimes with the plural. There is a long list of neuter plurals1 that are construed only with a singular verb; other words, such as “πάντα, ταῦτα, ἅρματα, δούρατα”, etc., occur with both singular and plural verbs, and a few are used exclusively with the plural.

Examples of the neuter plural with a singular verb are: Od. 4.703: “τῆς δ᾽ αὐτοῦ λύτο γούνατα”. 5.297: “καὶ τότ᾽ Ὀδυσσῆος λύτο γούνατα”.

Il. 10.252: “ἄστρα δὲ δὴ προβέβηκε”. 24.420: “σὺν δ᾽ ἕλκεα πάντα μέμυκεν”.

1 See Vogrinz, Gram.des hom. Dialektes, pp. 288-9, and compare Monro, Homeric Grammar2, § 172.

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