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312. Present optative representing imperfect indicative.

In the absence of an imperfect optative the present optative is not infrequently found to represent an imperfect indicative.

διηγοῦντο ὅτι αὐτοὶ μὲν ἐπὶ τοὺς πολεμίους πλέοιεν” (= “ἔπλεον”), “τὴν δὲ ἀναίρεσιν τῶν ναυαγῶν προστάξειαν . . . Θηραμένει κτἑ.”, XEN. Hell. 1.7.5; Their story was that they kept sailing after the enemy and had assigned the picking up of the shipwrecked to Theramenes etc.

DEM. [52]DEM., 15:ἐτόλμησαν μαρτυρῆσαι ὡς μὲν Κάλλιππος ὅρκον τῷ πατρὶ δοίη” (= “ἔδωκε”), “ δὲ πατὴρ οὐκ ἐθέλοι” (= “οὐκ ἤθελεν”) “ὀμόσαι”.

LYS. 1.14:ἐρομένου δ᾽ ἐμοῦ τί αἱ θύραι νύκτωρ ψοφοῖεν” (cf. § 17:ἀναμιμνῃσκόμενος . . . ὅτι . . . ἐψόφει” ). 1.20:κατηγόρει . . . ὡς μετὰ τὴν ἐκφορὰν αὐτῇ προσίοι” .

XEN. An. 4.3.11: “τυγχάνοιεν” (see 308). Hell. 1.7.5 (see above).

See further on this whole subject Oratio Obliqua and Object Sentences.

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