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229. Intensive perfect.

Not to be confounded with this use, which has many English analogies, is the survival of the old intensive perfects, chiefly in verbs of sound and verbs of emotion.

Verbs of Sound (Onomatopoetic Verbs):

Most of these are poetic or popular. “κέκραγα”, I am bawling, bawling;σεσίγηκα”, I am mum.

λαβὼν μὲν σεσίγηκας, ἀναλώσας δὲ κέκραγας”, AESCHIN.3.218; When you get money you are mum, when you have spent it you are in full cry.

AESCHIN.3.218(see above).

HDT.4.183:τετρίγασι κατά περ αἱ νυκτερίδες”.

AR. Vesp. 944: “τί σεσιώπηκας”;

SOPH. Tr. 1072:βέβρυχα κλάων”.

HES. O. et D. 207: “δαιμονίη, τί λέληκας”;

HOM. Od. 5.411-2: “ἀμφὶ δὲ κῦμα” | “βέβρυχεν ῥόθιον”.

Il. 4.433-5: “ὄιες . . . ἑστήκασιν . . . ἀζηχὲς μεμακυῖαι”. 10.362: “μεμηκώς”. 17.264: “βέβρυχεν μέγα κῦμα”.

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