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365. Indicative in generic sentences.

In generic sentences the Greek has a tendency to other modal constructions. In practical questions, personal argument, as in poetry and proverbs, the indicative may be used as in English and Latin.

εἴ τις εἰδὼς . . . προὔδωκεν ἐξαπατᾷ, οὗτός ἐστ᾽ ἔνοχος τῇ ἀρᾷ”, DEM.23.97; If any one has wittingly betrayed or wittingly deceives, he is obnoxious to the curse. μὴ κατέθου, μὴ ἀνέλῃ”, PROV.; What you didn't deposit, you mustn't draw.τῷ . . . ἀσθενοῦντι πικρὰ φαίνεται ἐσθίει καὶ ἔστι”, PLATO, Theaet. 166E; To the sick man what he eats seems bitter, and is bitter.

PROV. “ἥν τις ἔμαξε μᾶζαν ταύτην καὶ ἐσθιέτω”. (See also above.)

DEM.23.97(see above).

AESCHIN.3.196:εἰ γάρ τις ἐν δημοκρατίᾳ τετιμημένος . . . τολμα? βοηθεῖν τοῖς παράνομα γράφουσι, καταλύει τὴν πολιτείαν”. Ibid. 198: “ὅστις . . . αἰτεῖ” (twice).

PLATO, Theaet. 166E (see above). 170 A: “τὸ δοκοῦν ἑκάστῳ τοῦτο καὶ εἶναί φησί που δοκεῖ”;

HDT.3.127:ἔνθα . . . σοφίης δέει, βίης ἔργον οὐδέν”.

EUR. Tro. 400: “φεύγειν μὲν οὖν χρὴ πόλεμον ὅστις εὖ φρονεῖ”.

AESCHYL. Sept. 596:δεινὸς ὃς θεοὺς σέβει”.

PIND. N. 3.41-2: “ὃς δὲ διδάκτ᾽ ἔχει, . . . μυριᾶν . . . ἀρετᾶν ἀτελεῖ νόῳ γεύεται”.

HOM. Od. 14.156-7: “ἐχθρὸς γάρ μοι κεῖνος ὁμῶς Ἀίδαο πύλῃσιν” | “γίγνεται, ὃς πενίῃ εἴκων ἀπατἠλια βάζει”.

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