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395. Optative with ei)/qe, ei) ga/r.

The optative may have, but does not require, “εἴθε” (“αἴθε”), “εἰ γάρ” (“αἲ γάρ”), and the like.1

εἴθ”(“ε”) . . . “ἐκβάλοις τὴν ἔνθεσιν”, AR. Eq. 404; May you give up the sop.εἰ γὰρ γενοίμην, τέκνον, ἀντὶ σοῦ νεκρός”, EUR. Hipp. 1410; If I could fall a corpse, my child, instead of thee.

AR. Eq. 404 (see above).

EUR. Hipp. 1410 (see above). fr. 360.53-4: πατρίς, εἴθε πάντες οἳ ναίουσί σε” | “οὕτω φιλοῖεν ὡς ἐγώ”.

SOPH. Ph. 791-2: “ ξένε Κεφαλλήν, εἴθε σου διαμπερὲς” | “στέρνων ἔχοιτ᾽ ἄλγησις ἥδε”.

ALCMAN, 29: “Ζεῦ πάτερ, αἲ γὰρ ἐμὸς πόσις εἴη”.

HOM. Od. 4.697: “εἰ γὰρ δή, βασίλεια, τόδε πλεῖστον κακὸν εἴη”. 6.244: “αἲ γὰρ ἐμοὶ τοιόσδε πόσις κεκλημένος εἵη”. 7. 331-2: “Ζεῦ πάτερ, αἵθ᾽ ὅσα εἶπε τελευτήσειεν ἅπαντα” | “Ἁλκίνοος”.

Il. 13.825-7: “αἲ γὰρ . . . εἴην . . . τέκοι . . . τιοίμην”.

1 Explained by many grammarians as elliptical conditional sentences. See Conditional Sentences.

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