previous next

307. The optative as the representative of the indicative in oratio obliqua after a past tense ordinarily represents the corresponding tenses of the indicative from the point of view of the speaker.

Present Optative (= Present Indicative):

ἔλεγεν ὅτι εἰ . . . βλαβερὰ τῇ Λακεδαίμονι πεπραχὼς εἴη” (= “πέπραχε”), “δίκαιος εἴη” (= “δίκαιός ἐστι”) “ζημιοῦσθαι”, XEN. Hell. 5.2.32; He said that if he had (has) done what was damaging to Lacedaemon, he deserved (deserves) to be punished.

LYS.12.6:ἔλεγον . . . ὡς εἶέν τινες τῇ πολιτείᾳ ἀχθόμενοι” .

PLATO, Euthyd. 276E:ἀπεκρίνατο ὅτι μανθάνοιεν οἱ μανθάνοντες οὐκ ἐπίσταιντο”.

XEN. Hell. 5.2.32 (see above).

HDT.1.83:ἦλθε ἄλλη ἀγγελίη, ὡς ἡλώκοι τὸ τεῖχος . . . καὶ ἔχοιτο Κροῖσος ζωγρηθείς”.

SOPH. Tr. 161-2: “εἶπε μὲν λέχους τι” | “χρείη μ᾽ ἑλέσθαι κτῆσιν”.

HOM. Only after interrogatives. Od. 15.423: “εἰρώτα δὴ ἔπειτα τίς εἴη καὶ πόθεν ἔλθοι”. 17.368.1

1 A. J. P. iv (1883), 419.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: