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572. Use of basileu/s

βασιλεύς” for King of Persia is the official name of the great King. So always in ISS., but authors vary as in the case of proper names, with which “βασιλεύς” is to be classed. The orators have “βασιλεύς”, but also “βασιλεὺς μέγας, μέγας βασιλεύς, Περσῶν βασιλεύς”.

DIN.1.18:παρὰ τοῦ Περσῶν βασιλέως. 32: πρὸς τὸν Περσῶν βασιλέα”.

LYCURG.24:Μενέλαος πρεσβεύσας πρὸς βασιλέα”.

DEM. [7]DEM., 29:βασιλεὺς ΠερσῶνDEM., 9.16: βασιλεὺς καὶ πάντες οἱ Ἕλληνες. 14.41: βασιλέα”. 15.7 (= 8. 23): “βασιλεύς”.

AESCHIN.3.132: . . . τῶν Περσῶν βασιλεύς. 163: τῶν Περσῶν βασιλεύς”.

LYS.[2] 21: . . . τῆς Ἀσίας βασιλεύς” (so 27. 60). 45:βασιλέως” . 56: μέγας βασιλεύς” . 19.25:παρὰ βασιλέως τοῦ μεγάλου” . 33.5:τῶν δὲ χρημάτων βασιλεὺς ταμίας” , The (great) King is the comptroller of the exchequer.

ANDOC.1.107:βασιλεύς. 3.15: οὔτε βασιλεὺς οὔτε οἱ σύμμαχοι. 29: βασιλεῖ τῷ μεγάλῳ . . . τὴν μὲν βασιλέως δύναμιν”.

PLATO, Euthyd. 274A:μέγαν βασιλέα”. Also “ μέγας βασιλεύς” and “βασιλεύς”.

XEN. An. “βασιλεύς” 158 times, to which may be added a few examples of “μέγας βασιλεύς, βασιλεὺς μέγας, Περσῶν βασιλεύς” and “βασιλεὺς Περσῶν”. Sce Joost, l.c., p. 64.

THUC.8.37(treaty): “βασιλεύς” (quater), “βασιλέως” (sexies), “βασιλέως . . . Δαρείου” (semel), “βασιλεῖ” (twice), “βασιλέα” (semel), “βασιλέα Δαρεῖον” (semel), “Δαρεῖον βασιλέα” (semel). The article is omitted or bracketed by Stahl in the few instances cited by Bétant, Lex. Thuc. , of the use of the article with “βασιλεύς” referring to the Persian King.

HDT.3.84:ἢν μὴ τυγχάνῃ εὕδων μετὰ γυναικὸς βασιλεύς” but ibid.:γαμέειν δὲ μὴ ἐξεῖναι ἄλλοθεν τῷ” (anaphoric) “βασιλέι. 3.117: τοῦ β. β. τοῦ β. β. 3.118: τῷ βασιλέι . . . παρὰ βασιλέα . . . βασιλεύς . . . τὸν βασιλέα”.

AR. Ach. 61: “οἱ πρέσβεις οἱ παρὰ βασιλέως. 94: βασιλέως ὀφθαλμός. 98: βασιλεύς”. 113: “βασιλεὺς μέγας” .(= Av. 486) 124:τὸν βασιλέως ὀφθαλμόν” . Pl. 170: “μέγας δὲ βασιλεύς”.

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