previous next

405. Additional remarks on the use of the present and aorist tenses.

As a descriptive adverb is. often associated with the imperfect indicative, so a descriptive adverb is often associated with a present imperative. So also adverbs denoting speed. AR. Eq. 495: “σπεῦδε ταχέως”. Ibid. Vesp. 180: “βάδιζε θᾶττον”. 187: “ὕφελκε θᾶττον”.

The present imperative often produces the effect of an action that is watched. See the cooking scene in the Acharnians cited 403, and Pax, 842: “ἀλλ᾽ εἴσαγ̓ ὡς τάχιστα” followed by “κατάκλυζε . . . θέρμαιν”(“ε”) . . . “στόρνυ”. So also 960 sqq.: “σείου . . . πρότεινε . . . χερνίπτου . . . ῥῖπτε”, whereas in a prayer, Ibid. 987-98: “ἀπόφηνον . . . λῦσον . . . παῦσον . . . μῖξον . . . κέρασον”.1

1 See Justin Martyr, Apol. I, 16.6.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: