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234. Perfect for future perfect.

As the present may be used rhetorically for the future, so the perfect may be used for the future perfect.

εἰ γὰρ προλείψεις μ”(“ε”) . . ., “οἰχόμεσθα” (“οἰχόμεσθα” is a practical perfect), EUR. Or. 304-5; If thou shalt abandon me, I am gone (lost).

AESCHIN.1.90:εἰ γὰρ μὲν πρᾶξις αὕτη ἔσται . . ., δὲ . . . εἰδὼς . . . ἔνοχος ἔσται . . ., δὲ κρινόμενος . . . ἀξιώσει . . ., ἀνῄρηται νόμος καὶ ἀλήθεια, καὶ δέδεικται φανερὰ ὁδός, δἰ ἧς κτἑ”.

ANDOC.1.146:ἐάν με νυνὶ διαφθείρητε, οὐκ ἔστιν ὑμῖν ἔτι λοιπὸς τοῦ γένους τοῦ ἡμετέρου οὐδείς, ἀλλ᾽ οἴχεται πᾶν πρόρριζον”.

PLATO, Hipparch. 231C-D:φέρε γάρ, ἐάν τις χρυσίου σταθμὸν ἥμισυν ἀναλώσας διπλάσιον λάβῃ ἀργυρίου, κέρδος ζημίαν εἴληφεν” (=“εἰληφὼς ἔσται”);

εἰ γὰρ προλείψεις μ᾽ προσεδρίᾳ νόσον
κτήσῃ τιν̓, οἰχόμεσθα

(see above).

SOPH. O. R. 1166: “ὄλωλας, εἴ σε ταῦτ᾽ ἐρήσομαι πάλιν”. Ph. 75-6: “ὥστ᾽ εἴ με τόξων ἐγκρατὴς αἰσθήσεται”, | “ὄλωλα καὶ σὲ προσδιαφθερῶ ξυνών”.

On the Periphrastic Perfect, see 286-8.

On the Gnomic Perfect, see 257.

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