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481. Adjective predicate with combined subjects of different genders.

When the genders of combined subjects are different, the adjective predicate takes either the strongest gender or the nearest. In things with life the masculine gender is the strongest, in things without life the neuter. In poetry personification has a wide range.

μὲν Τύχη καὶ Φίλιππος ἦσαν τῶν ἔργων κύριοι”, AESCHIN.2.118; Fortune and Philip had the control of the issues in their hands, were responsible for the actual results.τιμωμένου δὴ πλούτου ἐν πόλει καὶ τῶν πλουσίων ἀτιμοτέρα ἀρετή τε καὶ οἱ ἀγαθοί”, PLATO, Rpb. 550E-551 A; When in any state wealth and the wealthy are valued, virtue and the virtuous are undervalued.αἰδῶ δὲ καὶ φόβον . . . οὐχ ὁρᾷς ἔμφυτα . . . ἀνθρώποις ὄντα”; XEN. Mem. 3.7.5; Do you not see that reverence and fear are things inborn in mankind?

LYCURG.30:ἐγὼ μὲν ἐβουλόμην . . . ἐν τοῖς Λεωκράτους οἰκέταις καὶ θεραπαίναις βασανισθεῖσι τὸν ἔλεγχον γενέσθαι”.

DEM.25.68:τῶν ὑπαρχόντων νόμων καὶ πολιτείας μενόντων οὐκ ἔνι τῶν αἰσχρῶν αὐτῷ τούτων ἀπαλλαγή”.

PLATO, Conv. 179C:ὄντων αὐτῷ πατρός τε καὶ μητρός”. Legg. 835 D:εἶδον νέους τε καὶ νέας ὁμιλοῦντας φιλοφρόνως ἀλλήλοις”. 892 B: “δόξα δὴ καὶ ἐπιμέλεια καὶ νοῦς καὶ τέχνη καὶ νόμος σκληρῶν καὶ μαλακῶν ... πρότερα ἂν εἴη”. Rpb. 329 D:καὶ γῆρας ... καὶ νεότης χαλεπὴ τῷ τοιούτῳ ξυμβαίνει” (473). 550 E-551 A (see above).

XEN. An. 1.4.8: “καίτοι ἔχω γε αὐτῶν καὶ τέκνα καὶ γυναῖκας ἐν Τράλλεσι φρουρούμενα” (women being treated as chattels). Mem. 3.7.5 (see above).

THUC.8.63.1:πυθόμενος ... τὸν Στρομβιχίδην καὶ τὰς ναῦς ἀπεληλυθότα” (masc.).

HDT.3.57:τοῖσι δὲ Σιφνίοισι ἦν τότε ἀγορὴ καὶ τὸ πρυτανήιοι Παρίῳ λίθῳ ἠσκημένα”.

AR. Pl. 160-1: “τέχναι δὲ πᾶσαι διὰ σὲ καὶ σοφίσματα” | “ἐν τοῖσιν ἀνθρώποισίν ἐσθ᾽ εὑρημένα”.

AESCHYL. Ag. 527:βωμοὶ δ᾽ ἄϊστοι” (sc. “εἰσὶν”) “καὶ θεῶν ἱδρύματα”.

HOM. Od. 4.79: “ἀθάνατοι γὰρ τοῦ γε δόμοι καὶ κτήματ᾽ ἔασιν”.

Il. 1.177: “αἰεὶ γάρ τοι ἔρις τε φίλη πόλεμοί τε μάχαι τε. 18.567-8: παρθενικαὶ δὲ καὶ ἠίθεοι ἀταλὰ φρονέοντες” | ... “φέρον μελιηδέα καρπόν”.

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