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533. Article with objects present to the mind.

Like the English the Attic article is used of objects that are present to the mind or senses, well-known, notorious, expected, recurring, customary — the Anaphoric Article or Article of Reference.

οἱ μάρτυρες μεμαρτυρήκασιν”, ANDOC.1.25; The witnesses have testified. . . . ἄνθρωπος ἔνδον ἦν,Lys. 1.11 ; The fellow was within. πόλεμος ἑρπέτω”, Ar. Lys. 129 and 130; On with the war.στάσεις ἐν ταῖς πόλεσιν . . . ἐγίγνοντο”, THUC.1.12.2; Factions kept breaking out in the (different) cities.θάνατος . . . ζημία”, DEM.20.167; The (regular) penalty is death.διεκωλύθησαν δὲ ὑπὸ τοῦ γενομένου σεισμοῦ”, THUC.1.101.2; They were prevented by the occurrence of the well-known (great) earthquake.Ξέρξης ὅτε ἐκ τῆς Ἑλλάδος ἡττηθεὶς τῇ μάχῃ” [after having been defeated in the (famous) battle] “ἀπεχώρει”, XEN. An. 1.2.9.

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