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237. Pluperfect used as an imperfect.

When the perfect is used as a present (228), the pluperfect is used as an imperfect.

κακῶν Ἰλιὰς περιειστήκει Θηβαίους”, DEM.19.148; An Iliad of woes was encompassing Thebes (the Thebans).ἐκεκράγεσαν . . . τοὺς πρυτάνεις ἀφιέναι”, AR. Eq. 674; They kept on bawling “The prytanes must dismiss.”

DEM.19.148(see above).

PLATO, Phaedr. 233D:οὔτ᾽ ἂν πιστοὺς φίλους ἐκεκτήμεθα”. Theaet. 198 D: πάλαι ἐκέκτητο”.

THUC.3.70.3:ἦν γὰρ . . . ἐθελοπρόξενός τε τῶν Ἀθηναίων καὶ τοῦ δήμου προειστήκει”.

AR. Ach. 10: “ὅτε δὴ ᾿κεχήνη” (sat with mouth open) “προσδοκῶν τὸν Αἰσχύλον”. Eq. 674 (see above).

HES. Sc. 148: “δεινὴ ἔρις πεπότητο” (was afly, “flying all abroad”) “κορύσσουσα κλόνον ἀνδρῶν”. 155: “δεδήει”. 191: “ἕστασαν”. 269: “εἱστήκει”. 274: “ὀρώρει”.

HOM. Od. 9.210: “ὀσμὴ . . . ὀδώδει”.

Il. 8.68: “ἠέλιος μέσον οὐρανὸν ἀμφιβεβήκει”, The sun stood astride the midheaven.

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