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208. Imperfect with definite numbers.

With definite numbers, the aorist is employed (see 243), but when there is a notion of interruption or of continuance into another stage (overlapping), the imperfect is used.

ταῦτα δ᾽ ἐποίει τέτταρας ἡμέρας”, XEN. Hell. 2.1.24; He kept this up four days (but on the fifth, “ἐπεὶ ἦν ἡμέρα πέμπτη”, § 27). “καταβὰς δὲ κάτω ἐς τὸ κατάγαιον οἴκημα διαιτᾶτο ἐπ᾽ ἔτεα τρία: . . . τετάρτῳ δὲ ἔτεϊ ἐφάνη τοῖσι Θρήιξι”, HDT.4.95; He went down into the underground room and lived there for three years, but in the fourth he appeared to the Thracians.

DEM.19.78:τέτταρας μῆνας ὅλους ἐσῴζονθ᾽ οἱ Φωκεῖς τοὺς ὕστερον, δὲ τούτου ψευδολογία μετὰ ταῦθ̓ ὕστερον αὐτοὺς ἀπώλεσεν”.

XEN. Hell. 2.1.24 (see above). Ibid. 2.2.16-7: “διέτριβε παρὰ Λυσάνδρῳ τρεῖς μῆνας καὶ πλέον . . . ἐπεὶ δὲ ἧκε τετάρτῳ μηνί, ἀπήγγειλεν κτἑ”.

THUC.4.69.3:καὶ ταύτην μὲν τὴν ἡμέραν ὁλην εἰργάζοντο: τῇ δ᾽ ὑστεραίᾳ περὶ δείλην τὸ τεῖχος ὅσον οὐκ ἀπετετέλεστο, καὶ οἱ ἐν τῇ Νισαίᾳ δείσαντες . . . ξυνέβησαν τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις”.

HDT.1.18-9: “ἐπολέμεε ἔτεα ἕνδεκα . . . τῷ δὲ δυωδεκάτῳ ἔτεϊ . . . συνηνείχθη τι τοιόνδε γενέσθαι πρῆγμα”. 4.95 (see above). 4.158: “τοῦτον οἴκεον τὸν χῶρον ἓξ ἔτεα: ἑβδόμῳ δέ σφεας ἔτεϊ . . . οἱ Λιβύες . . . ἀνέγνωσαν ἐκλιπεῖν”. 7.191: “ἡμέρας γὰρ δὴ ἐχείμαζε τρεῖσ᾽ τέλος δὲ ἔντομά τε ποιεῦντες καὶ καταείδοντες γόησι οἱ Μάγοι τῷ ἀνέμῳ . . . ἔπαυσαν τετάρτῃ ἡμέρῃ”.

AR. Thesm. 502-3: “ἑτέραν δ᾽ ἐγᾦδ᾽ ᾿φασκεν ὠδίνειν γυνὴ” | “δέχ᾽ ἡμέρας, ἕως ἐπρίατο παιδίον”.

HOM. Od. 2.106 sqq. 3.118 sq. 304 sqq. 4.360 sqq. 5.278 sq. 388 sqq. 7.253 sq. 259 sqq. 267 sqq. 9.74 sqq. 9.82 sqq. 10.80 sq. 142 sqq. 14.240 sqq. 250 sqq. 285 sqq.

Il. 9.470 sqq. 21.45 sqq.

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