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ἀλλὰ τί ὄει; is a rhetorical question, which needs and receives no answer, like τί μήν; and τί μὴν δοκεῖς; (Theaet. 162 B). It is equivalent to ‘of course.’ For the use of τί Stallbaum compares Gorg. 480 B τί γὰρ δὴ φῶμεν; to which there is also no reply. This explanation is preferable to that of Madvig, who gives ἀλλὰ τί οἴει to Socrates, and takes ἔφη as equivalent to συνέφη— a harsh usage in a narrated dialogue, and not likely to have been intended by Plato, because sure to be misunderstood. Liebhold's ἄλλο τι οἴει; <οὐκ> ἔφη has everything against it.

πρὸς Διὸς κτλ. ‘In the name of heaven, said I, if any one then had asked him’ etc. ‘what reply do you think he would have made to us?’ before πρὸς Διός is (as Schanz holds) an interjection, and does not require a vocative to follow it: cf. Euthyd. 287 A, 290 E. It is tempting (with Tucker) to take πρὸς Διός as part of the address to Simonides (cf. Euthyd. 294 B πρὸς τῶν θεῶν, ἦν δ᾽ ἐγώ, Διονυσόδωρεαὐτὼ τῷ ὄντι πάντα ἐπίστασθον). But on this view the presence of εἰ οὖνἤρετο forms a difficulty, and πρὸς Διός may very well go with τί ἂν οἴειἀποκρίνασθαι.

ὀφειλόμενον καὶ προσῆκον. It is characteristic of Plato to combine the thing explained and the explanation itself in this way: see my note on Prot. 314 A. Here ὀφειλόμενον is necessary to enable Simonides to recognise his own saying.

ἰατρικὴ -- μαγειρική. In Gorg. 463 A ff. Plato refuses the name of ‘art’ to ὀψοποιική: it is but an ἐμπειρία or τριβή, a sort of bastard adjunct to ἰατρική, as κομμωτική is to γυμναστική. Here, where less precision is required, both are regarded as τέχναι.

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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 162b
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 287a
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 294b
    • Plato, Gorgias, 463a
    • Plato, Gorgias, 480b
    • Plato, Protagoras, 314a
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