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ἐκπλύναι. Not ἐκπλύνοι (with Herwerden); for the action of ἐκπλύναι is more rapid than that of γίγνοιτο.

χαλεστραίου κτλ. χαλεστραῖον λίτρον (or νίτρον, but λίτρον is the Attic form) came from Χαλέστρα, a lake and city in Macedonia. λίτρον is supposed to be ‘native carbonate of soda’: see Blaydes on Ar. Frogs 712. The spelling χαλεστραῖον is established (as against χαλαστραῖον in Tim. Lex. s. v. and the Scholiast) by Hdt. VII 123 (χαλέστρα) and other authorities quoted by Schneider. κονία as appears from ψευδολίτρου κονίας in Ar. l. c. was a preparation of λίτρον, whence Plato couples them here. See on the subject generally Dict. Ant. I p. 881.

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