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τοιούτους is omitted by Hartman, and is certainly open to doubt. The balance of MS evidence is in its favour, although a few inferior MSS and one MS of Stobaeus (Flor. 46. 95), agree with A^{1} in omitting it. It must either mean rulers who act ἐπ᾽ ὠφελίᾳ τῆς πόλεως, or else such rulers as Plato's. The former alternative is not altogether satisfactory, and it is difficult not to believe that Plato was in reality referring to his own rulers. The serious objection to this view is that we have not yet heard anything of Plato's rulers: they are not described till 412 B. I think the solution may be that the present section on truth is a later addition made by Plato after he had written his first account of the rulers in Book III. See also App. I.

λέγοντι has caused difficulty, and Madvig would expunge the word. The explanation is simple enough. μὴ τἀληθῆ λέγειν should be repeated between and πρός, and μὴ τὰ ὄντα λέγοντι ὅπως taken closely together, ‘or to lie’ (μὴ τἀληθῆ λέγειν understood) ‘to a pilot about the ship and its crew by misrepresenting the facts about one's own condition etc.’ One MS of Stobaeus (l.c.) has λέγοντα, which is also possible, and could only be explained in this way. I have removed the comma usually printed after λέγοντι.

λαμβάνῃ: sc. ἄρχων. Cf. 1347 A note λαμβάνῃς (Ficinus and Benedictus) gives a wrong sense.

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