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οὐδὲ ὀνομάσσυσιν: much less consider it so. σωφρονιοῦσιν. The word σωφρονίζω (‘make σώφρων,’ i.e. ‘chastise’) implies the remedial view of punishment: see on II 380 B. οὐ πολέμιοι. A few inferior MSS read ὡς οὐ πολέμιοι, and ὡς appears also in the margin of A. Campbell suggests <καὶ> οὐ πολέμιοι, Förster <ὡς> σωφρονισταί; but neither suggestion is nearly so expressive and good as the reading of the best MSS. αὑτοῖς. The ambiguity in αὑτοῖς can mislead nobody, and αὐτοῖς (Hartman, with A etc.) would be very unpleasing. In such cases the authority of Plato's MSS is nought. The behaviour of Athens in connexion with the Mitylenean revolt is a conspicuous example of the inhumanity which Plato here condemns: see Thuc. III 36 ff.
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