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ἐκ προστατικῆς ῥίζης κτλ. Arist. Pol. E 10. 1310^{b} 14 ff. σχεδὸν γὰρ οἱ πλεῖστοι τῶν τυράννων γεγόνασιν ἐκ δημαγωγῶν ὡς εἰπεῖν, πιστευθέντες ἐκ τοῦ διαβάλλειν τοὺς γνωρίμους. This was especially true of earlier times, when the orator also held military command (ib. 5. 1305^{a} 7 ff.). See Gilbert Gr. Staatsalt. II pp. 280 ff.

καὶ οὐκ ἄλλοθεν. If we treat this sentence as a statement of historical fact, Plato expresses himself too strongly; for tyranny sometimes arose in other ways. See however on 564 A and 543 A, 544 C notes

τῷ μύθῳ. See [Hecat.] Frag. 375 in Müller Frag. Hist. Gr. I p. 31 and Paus. VIII 2. 6. In his note on the latter passage, Frazer collects the ancient legends about werewolves. For the later history of the superstition consult M^{c}Lennan's article Lycanthropy in Enc. Brit. ed. 9, and for parallels in non-classical mythologies Tylor Prim. Culture^{2} I pp. 308— 315.

ἑνός is bracketed by Herwerden; but τοῦ in τοῦ ἀνθρωπίνου σπλάγχνου proves it genuine. But for ἑνός Plato must have written τοῦ ἀνθρωπίνου σπλάγχνου <τοῦ> ἐν ἄλλοις κτλ. The werewolf superstition was similarly associated with cannibalism in some of its later European forms (M^{c}Lennan l.c.).

ἀνάγκη δὴ κτλ. The anacoluthon is illustrated by Engelhardt Spec. Anac. Pl. III p. 40.

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