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καὶ πρός: ‘and which moreover’ (“idem est quod καὶ προσέτι, ac praeterea, atque insuper” Stallbaum). Two kinds of necessary desires were distinguished viz. (1) ἃςἀποτρέψαι, (2) ὅσαιἡμᾶς. Corresponding to this, which is not of course a mutually exclusive, division, Plato emphasises two distinct features of unnecessary desires: so that καὶ πρός (‘and which moreover,’ or according to the Greek idiom, ‘and these moreover’: see on II 357 B) is altogether appropriate. Cf. (with Stallbaum) Euthyd. 298 D and Blaydes on Ar. Knights 578. Schneider takes πρὸς οὐδέν together (“nullius rei habita ratione”), but οὐδὲν cannot easily be separated from ἀγαθόν, unless we read <οὐδὲν> πρὸς οὐδὲν ἀγαθόν, as I formerly suggested. I have no longer any doubt that Stallbaum's view is right. Ast's conjecture πρὸς οὐδέν̓ is refuted by Schneider.

αὐτοῦ σίτου: ‘merely of food,’ as opposed to e.g. pleasant food, sweet food (τῶν τοιῶνδε σιτίων in Epicurus: Usener Epic. p. 295). See in particular IV 437 D —439 A notes

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 578
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 298d
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