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κατάστασιν πόλεως is treated as a single noun: cf. πόλεως διοίκησις in Prot. 319 D and Pol. 296 E.

ὥσπερ -- ἐκπίπτειν explains and amplifies στρέφεσθαί τε καὶ ἀλλοιοῦσθαι. Asyndeton is regular in such cases, and Stephanus ought not to have proposed the insertion of καί before ὥσπερ: cf. IV 432 D, VIII 557 C and Prot. 311 E, where more illustrations are cited in my note. Stallbaum's punctuation is here, I think, preferable to that of Schneider, who prints only a comma before ὥσπερ.

εἰς τὸ ἐπιχώριον: as though ‘a foreign geranium, allowed to run wild in England’ were to ‘degenerate into one of the English wild geraniums.’ The illustration is due to Bosanquet. Plato's botanical error, such as it is, does not affect the argument.

ἦθος is read by Π as well as Α. The majority of MSS read εἶδος, which was accepted till Schneider restored the better and more authoritative reading.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Plato, Protagoras, 311e
    • Plato, Protagoras, 319d
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