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οἰκία -- θεοί περ. Il. XX 64, 65. The words in Homer are under the construction of δείσας—μή. ὢ πόποι. The exclamation of Achilles when the ghost of Patroclus eludes his embrace: Il. XXIII 103, 104. On φρένες as the “physical basis of life” in Homer see Leaf ad loc. οἴῳ -- ἀΐσσουσι. Tiresias retained in the other world something of the physical reality of his earthly existence: Od. X 493—495 τοῦ τε φρένες ἔμπεδοί εἰσιν: | τῷ καὶ τεθνηῶτι νόον πόρε Περσεφόνεια | οἴῳ πεπνῦσθαι: τοὶ δὲ σκιαὶ ἀΐσσουσιν. Plato allows the force of attraction to alter τοί to ταί: cf. Men. 100 A οἶος πέπνυται τῶν ἐν Ἅιδου, αἱ δὲ σκιαὶ ἀΐσσουσι. ψυχὴ -- ἥβην. Il. XVI 856, 857. ῥεθέων, explained by the ancients as μέλη τοῦ σώματος (Hesych. s.v.), more probably denotes the mouth (as part of the face): cf. Leaf ad loc. and Il. IX 409. Leaf plausibly suggests that ἀν in ἀνδροτῆτα, ‘manhood’—found in all but two MSS of the Iliad—was only the written sign of the nasalis sonans, and counted as a short vowel.
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