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ἑκουσίοισιν, since, though Ph. could not have avoided the woes of the past ten years, their prolongation is now his own choice. Cp. Soph. El. 215οἰκείας εἰς ἄτας” | “ἐμπίπτεις. ἑκούσιος” is in Attic either of two or of three terminations: cp. Soph. Tr. 727ἐξ ἑκουσίας”, ib. 1123 “ἑκουσία”: Thuc. 8. 27καθ᾽ ἑκουσίαν” (yet id. 7. 57 “ἑκούσιος...στρατεία”): Plat. Rep. 603Cβιαίους ἑκουσίας πράξεις”. But of “ἀκούσιος” the fem. in “-ία, -ιαι” seems not to occur: cp. Legg. 861 E “βλάβαι... ἀκούσιοι.

ἔγκεινται, ‘are intent upon,’ meaning here, ‘persist in enduring,’ though a release is offered to them. Cp. Eur. Andr. 91οἶσπερ ἐγκείμεσθ᾽ ἀεὶ” | “θρήνοισι καὶ γόοισι καὶ δακρύμασι”, | “πρὸς αἰθέρ᾽ ἐκτενοῦμεν: ἐμπέφυκε γὰρ” | “γυναιξὶ τέρψις τῶν παρεστώτων κακῶν”: where the sense is, ‘to which I give my days.’ So id. I. T. 144 “ἴδεθ᾽ ὡς θρήνοις ἔγκειμαι”: Ion 182οἷς δ᾽ ἔγκειμαι μόχθοις”. But sometimes Eur. uses this verb as simply =“κεῖμαι ἐν”: Helen. 269 “πολλαῖς συμφοραῖς ἐγκείμεθα” (‘are plunged in’): and so ib. 924.

hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Euripides, Andromache, 91
    • Euripides, Ion, 182
    • Plato, Republic, 603c
    • Sophocles, Electra, 215
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.27
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 727
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