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τὸ γὰρ καλὸν κ.τ.λ.] This distinction of the two different kinds of καλόν, arises from its twofold aspect, physical and moral: in the former of the two senses it is the beautiful, in the latter the morally right and noble. The beautiful, to the sight and sense, is the ‘pleasant’ form or aspect of τὸ καλόν; the right is καλὸν τὸ καθ᾽ αὑτὸ αἱρετόν, that which is desirable in and for itself and for no ulterior object, and therefore an end in itself. In this latter sense the τὸ καλόν may be regarded as the end of all moral action, Eth. N. III 7, 1113 b 8, c. 10, 1115 b 24, IX 8, 1168 a 34, 1169 a 6, seq. 21 to the end. In Rhet. I 9. 3, two definitions of it are given and the distinction of its moral and physical aspects again suggested: and again II 13. 9 it is contrasted with the expedient or profitable, the one being a relative the other an absolute form of good.

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