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εἰ γὰρ κτενοῦμεν. Note two points of syntax here. (1) We have two protases, not co-ordinate: the first of them, “εἰ κτενοῦμεν”, states the primary condition, on which everything else depends. ‘If that is to be the rule, then (if you got your due) you would die.’ Cp. Ai. 782 f.: Suppl. 1084 “εἰ δ᾽ ἦμεν νέοι δὶς καὶ γέροντες, εἴ τις ἐξημάρτανε”, | “διπλοῦ βίου λαχόντες ἐξωρθούμεθ᾽ ἄν”. (2) The first protasis has the fut. indic.: the second protasis and the apodosis have the optat. with “ἄν”, not as a softened future, but in a potential sense. Cp. Thuc. 1. 142φρούριον δ᾽ εἰ ποιήσονται, τῆς μὲν γῆς βλάπτοιεν ἄν τι μέρος”. Eur. Tro. 730εἰ γάρ τι λέξεις χολώσεται στρατός”, | “οὔτ᾽ ἂν ταφείη παῖς ὅδ̓, οὔτ᾽ οἴκτου τύχοι”.

πρώτη: i.e., no one has more fully deserved the penalty.

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hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 730
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 782
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.142
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