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ἐφ᾽ ἡμῖν, ‘in our power’; cp. O. C. 66 ᾿πὶ τῷ πλήθει λόγος; Ph. 1003μὴ ᾿πὶ τῷδ᾽ ἔστω τάδε”. Xen. An. 3. 1. 35ὡς μήποτ᾽ ἐπὶ τοῖς βαρβάροις γενώμεθα, ἀλλὰ μᾶλλον...ἐκεῖνοι ἐφ᾽ ἡμῖν”. The sense of “ἐφ᾽ ἡμῖν” is the reason for giving the words to Electra, and not, as L does (cr. n.), to Orestes.—Not, ‘towards us.’ With a dat. denoting persons, “ἐπί” would mean rather ‘against,’ as in Hom. Od. 10. 214οὐδ᾽ οἵ γ᾽ ὡρμήθησαν ἐπ᾽ ἀνδράσιν”. It is different when the dat. denotes a place, though even then such a sense for “ἐπί” is rare; Hom. Il. 5. 327νηυσὶν ἐπὶ γλαφυρῇσιν ἐλαυνέμεν” (‘towards’).

Some have thought that the words of Orestes in this v. should be metrically equivalent to those of Clyt. in 1411, “οἴκτιρε τὴν τεκοῦσαν”. Nauck, for example, proposes “τὸν ἄνδρ᾽ ἐφ᾽ ἡμῖν τοῦτον”; This seems, however, a groundless assumption.

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hide References (5 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (5):
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.327
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.214
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 66
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1003
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 3.1.35
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