previous next

πολλάκις. There were many such popular stories. Pythagoras was said to have hidden himself in a subterranean chamber, causing his death to be reported; and when he reappeared, he was supposed to have been born anew (schol.). Herodotus tells a similar story of the Thracian Salmoxis, a slave and disciple of Pythagoras, who thus converted the Thracians to a doctrine of immortality (4. 95). So, too, the poet Aristeas of Proconnesus disappeared for seven years,—as a sort of preliminary advertisement, it would seem, to his poem the Arimaspeia ( Her. 4. 14). It is vain to ask what particular story or stories Sophocles was thinking of; very possibly he knew those in Herodotus (cp. Soph. O. C. 337 n.); but it was enough for him that his hearers would recognise the allusion to stories of that type. Hartung thinks that the reference is to Odysseus; but, as Odysseus did not contrive the rumour of his own death, the case is not in point.

λόγῳ μάτην θνῄσκοντας: for “μάτην” as =‘falsely,’ cp. 1298, Ph. 345.

ἐκτετίμηνται. The emphatic perf. might denote either (1) permanence,— ‘they are in greater honour thenceforth’; or (2) the instantaneous result,—‘forthwith.’ Perhaps the usage of the perf. pass. of “τιμάω” rather favours (1). Cp. O. C. 1304τετίμηνται δορί” (with Thuc. 2. 45, cited there): Hom. Od. 7. 69(of Arêtè) “τετίμηται”.— The finite verb, instead of “ἐκτετιμημένους”, by a frequent idiom; cp. 192 (“ἀμφίσταμαι”): O. C. 351 n.—“ἐκτιμάω” is rare in classical Greek. Arist. Oec. 2. 33(p. 1352 b 5) has “ἐκτετιμημένα” as=‘things on which a high price is set,’ opp. to “εὔωνα”, ‘cheap.’

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (9 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (9):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.14
    • Homer, Odyssey, 7.69
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1298
    • Sophocles, Electra, 192
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1304
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 337
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 351
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 345
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.45
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: