previous next

ὡς ἔχων τε καὶ κεκτημένος. Creon is actually touching (or helping to support) his son's corpse (1258 “διὰ χειρὸς ἔχων”, 1297 “ἔχω μὲν ἐν χείρεσσιν”). And meanwhile his wife lies dead within the house. The Messenger therefore says that Creon has come as one who both has in hand (“ἔχων”), and has in store (“κεκτημένος”). ἔχων is explained by “τὰ μὲν πρὸ χειρῶν..φέρων”, and κεκτημένος by “τὰ δ᾽ ἐν δόμοις”. Cp. Plat. Theaet. 197 Bοὐ τοίνυν μοι ταὐτὸν φαίνεται τῷ κεκτῆσθαι τὸ ἔχειν. οἶον εἰ ἱμάτιον πριάμενός τις καὶ ἐγκρατὴς ὢν μὴ φοροῖ, ἔχειν μὲν οὐκ ἂν αὐτὸν αὐτό, κεκτῆσθαι δέ γε φαῖμεν”. So ib. 198 D; the chase after knowledge has a view either to (a) “τὸ κεκτῆσθαι”, possession, or (b) “τὸ ἔχειν”, holding, ready for use, that which is already possessed,—“ἣν ἐκέκτητο μὲν πάλαι, πρόχειρον δ᾽ οὐκ εἶχε τῇ διανοίᾳ”. Cp. Rep. 382 B (men do not like) “τῇ ψυχῇ περὶ τὰ ὄντα ψεύδεσθαί τε καὶ ἐψεῦσθαι καὶ ἀμαθῆ εἶναι καὶ ἐνταῦθα ἔχειν τε καὶ κεκτῆσθαι τὸ ψεῦδος”: where “ψεύδεσθαι” answers to “ἔχειν τὸ ψεῦδος”,—to be deceived at a given time on a given matter; and “ἐψεῦσθαι” to “κεκτῆσθαι τὸ ψεῦδος”, —the settled incapacity for apprehending realities. In Crat. 393 A he says that “ἄναξ” and “ἕκτωρ” mean the same thing; “οὗ γὰρ ἄν τις ἄναξ , .. δῆλον .. ὅτι κρατεῖ τε αὐτοῦ καὶ κέκτηται καὶ ἔχει αὐτό” (where “ἕκτωρ” has suggested both verbs).— The point of the phrase here is missed when it is taken as merely, ‘possessing sorrows in the fullest sense of possession.’

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (4 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (4):
    • Plato, Republic, 382b
    • Plato, Cratylus, 393a
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 197b
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 198d
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: