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οὐ τἀπὶ Λυδοῖς. Here “ἐπὶ Λυδοῖς”=‘in their country’ (248 “ἐν Λυδοῖς”): cp. 1100γῆς ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτοις τόποις”: Her.5. 77ἐπὶ...τῇ χώρῃ”.—*“ὑπ᾽ Ὀμφάλῃ: in subjection to her,—a common sense of “ὑπό” with dat. (as Thuc.1. 32εἰ ἐσόμεθα ὑπ᾽ αὐτοῖς”). ὑπ̓ is an almost certain correction of the MS. ἐπ̓ (see cr. n.), which τἀπὶ may have generated. If ἐπ̓ were retained, it could mean only ‘in the power of’: for, in reference to one person, “ἐπὶ” could not possibly mean merely ‘with.’ After “ἐπὶ Λυδοῖς”, however, the repetition of “ἐπί” in a different sense would here be awkward.

πόνων λατρεύματ̓, service consisting in toils (defining gen.): cp. 505ἄεθλ᾽ ἀγώνων”. ( O. C.105μόχθοις λατρεύων”, ‘thrall to woes,’ is not parallel.)

ῥιπτὸςμόρος: cp. Ant.36φόνον... δημόλευστον”. A sarcastic allusion to the vivid detail with which Lichas had told the story (270 ff.).

Heracles had really killed Iphitus. The denial here refers only to the place which the murder held in the story told by Lichas. Heracles was instigated, not by the Lydian servitude which punished his crime, or by those affronts (262 ff.) which Lichas represented as having moved him to the crime, but, in reality, by the refusal of Eurytus to give him Iolè.

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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.77
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 36
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 105
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.32
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 1100
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 505
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