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Ἄρης. The first syll. might be long (as it is in some other lyric passages, Ant.139, El.96, Ai.254 Ai., 614): but more probably it is short, and the first syll. of “πειθοῦς” in 661 is ‘irrational’ (see Anal.).

οἰστρηθεὶς: the sudden rage of Ares symbolises the furious impulse which sent Heracles against Oechalia. Cp. Eur. Bacch.119οἰστρηθε<*>ς Διονύσῳ”. The conject. αὖ (or οἱ) στρωθεὶς would suggest the subsidence of a storm ( Her.7. 193τὸ κῦμα ἔστρωτο”). This is less suitable, when, as here, Ares is a personified deliverer.

ἐξέλυσ᾽ ἐπίπονονἁμέραν, has ‘resolved,’ ‘cleared away,’ the day of sorrow. The notion of untying a knot passes into that of dissipating a trouble. Cp. O. T.35ἐξέλυσας...δασμὸν” (n.). The image is more clearly developed in Ai.706ἔλυσεν αἰνὸν ἄχος ἀπ᾽ ὀμμάτων Ἄρης”.—For ἐπίπονον ἁμέραν, cp. Eur. Phoen.540ἐχθρᾶς... ἡμέρας”, Eur. Hec.364λυπρὰν...ἡμέραν”. In the Athamas Sophocles had “λευκὴν ἡμέραν” as=“τὴν ἀγαθήν” (Bekk. Anecd. p. 106. 33).

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hide References (10 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (10):
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 119
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 364
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 540
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.193
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 254
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 614
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 706
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 139
    • Sophocles, Electra, 96
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 35
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