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βουλεύσας᾿: not only in poetry (as Ant.267), but in prose also, “βουλεύειν” is said of ‘planning’ (as dist. from ‘executing’) a crime ( Dem. or. 19 § 21); and “βούλευσις” was a legal term in this sense. The “βουλή” was really that of Nessus (844 f.).

δρῶς᾿, not “δράσασα”, since his torments continue. The dat. “πατρὶ ἐμῷ” can be taken with “δρῶς᾿”, no less than with “βουλεύσας᾿”. For the construction “δρῶ ταῦτά σοι” (instead of “σε”), cp. O. T.1373 n.

ποίνιμος, of avenging deities, as Ai.843.

Δίκη is associated with “Ἐρινύς”, since the latter especially punishes sins against kinsfolk: cp. Aesch. Ag.1432μὰ τὴν τέλειον τῆς ἐμῆς παιδὸς Δίκην”, | “Ἄτην τ̓, Ἐρινύν θ̓, αἷσι τόνδ᾽ ἔσφαξ᾽ ἐγώ.—ὧντείσαιτ̓”: for the causal gen., cp. Soph. O. C.229ὧν προπάθῃ τὸ τίνειν”: Her.4. 118τείσασθαι τῆς πρόσθε δουλοσύνης βουλόμεμος”. For the spelling, cp. O.T. 810 n.

ἐπεύχομαι: he deliberately gives his wish (“τείσαιτ̓”) the solemn form of an imprecation.

εἰ θέμιςθέμις δ̓: cp. Ph.1035: fr. 856 “εἴ μοι θέμις: θέμις δὲ τἀληθῆ λέγειν”: Eur. H. F.141εἰ χρή μ̓, ἐρωτῶ: χρὴ δ̓, ἐπεί γε δεσπότης κ.τ.λ.

προὔβαλες, hast cast from thee, spurned: schol. “ἐπεὶ σὺ πρότερα” [read “προτέρα”] “τὴν θέμιν ἀπέρριψας καὶ παρεῖδες”. Cp. Ai.830ῥιφθῶ κυσὶν πρόβλητος”. Aesch. Eum.215Κύπρις δ᾽ ἄτιμος τῷδ᾽ ἀπέρριπται λόγῳ”. Tac. Ann. 1. 42cives, quibus tam senatus proiecta auctoritas.

μοι, ethic dat. (=‘I have seen thee’ do so): cp. O. C.81 βέβηκεν ἡμὶν ξένος;

Others understand: (1) ‘you have thrown this very justice as a shield (“πρόβλημα”) over my action’ (Paley); i.e., ‘have made it right for me to do so.’ (2) ‘You have given me the right to do so’ (lit., ‘placed’ that right ‘at my disposal’).—Wunder, changing θέμιν to ἔριν, explains, ‘you have challenged me to this strife.’

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hide References (13 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (13):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1432
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 215
    • Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 21
    • Euripides, Heracles, 141
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.118
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 830
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 843
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 267
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 229
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 81
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1373
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1035
    • Tacitus, Annales, 1.42
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