previous next

ἀντάσειν (Buecheler),—a conjecture which had occurred independently to myself,—seems the most probable correction of ἂν δώσειν. The Chorus express a presentiment that they will soon again be brought face to face with the maidens who were dragged away before their eyes; and this prepares for the approaching entrance of Antigone and Ismene, 1097 “τὰς κόρας γὰρ εἰσορῶ.

ἀντάω usu. takes a dat. of meeting a person, but sometimes a gen., as Il. 16.423ἀντήσω γὰρ ἐγὼ τοῦδ᾽ ἀνέρος” (in battle). With the gen., ἀντάω also=“κυρεῖν, τυγχάνειν”: Od. 3.97ἤντησας ὀπωπῆς”: Her. 2.119ξεινίων ἤντησε μεγάλων”. Cp. Soph. Ant. 982ἄντασ᾽ Ἐρεχθειδᾶν”, she attained unto them (traced her lineage back to them). Here the idea of obtaining back is blended with that of being brought face to face. It is not, then, a valid objection that the Chorus do not move to meet the maidens.

To ἀνδώσειν the objections are: (1) it could not possibly mean “ἀποσώσειν”, “"give back."” In Pind. fr. 133. 3, the sole passage quoted for this sense, “ἀνδιδοι ψυχὰν πάλιν” is not “"gives back,"” but “"sends up,"” to the sunlight,—like “γῆ ἀναδίδωσι καρπόν”. We must not be confused by our “"give up."” (2) To supply “"Creon"” or “"the enemy"” as subject is extremely awkward. (3) The sing. τὰν...τλᾶσαν, etc., which this requires, cannot well be defended on the ground that Antigone is chiefly thought of.

With ἐνδώσειν we have to render:— “"that the sufferings of those who have endured dread things, and found dread sufferings at the hands of kinsmen, will remit,"”—become milder. Hippocrates (Progn. 43) uses the intrans. “ἐνδιδόναι” of a malady which remits its force. But is “πάθηἐνδώσειν” tolerable here, where the question is not of the sisters' sufferings being mitigated, but of their triumphant deliverance from the hands of the enemy? If, again, “ἐνδώσειν”=“"give up,"” it incurs the 2nd and 3rd objections to “ἀνδώσειν”.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (4 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (4):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.119
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.97
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 982
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.423
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: