κατασκαφῇ … δῃώσειν πυρί= “"to destroy it with fire, in such a manner as to raze it to the ground"”: πυρί is instrum. dat., and coheres closely with the verb; κατασκαφῇ is dat. of manner, but with proleptic force, like O. T. 51 “ἀλλ᾽ ἀσφαλείᾳ τήνδ᾽ ἀνόρθωσον πόλιν”, =“ὥστε ἀσφαλῆ εἶναι.” Καπανεὺς is the giant in whom the “ὕβρις” of the assailants takes its most daring and impious form, the Goliath or Mezentius of the story: cp. Ant. 133, Aesch. Th. 422 ff. In Ph. 1128 Eur. follows this conception; but in Suppl. 861 ff. he presents Capaneus in a totally new light, as no less modest than trusty. That whole passage of the Supplices,—in which Eur. seeks to individualise some of these champions more closely,—is curious and characteristic.
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