ἀρχηγός, or ἀρχηγέτης,=esp. the founder of a family or clan, or (like κτίστης, οἰκιστής) of a city. Bekker Anecd. I. 449 “ἀρχηγέται: ἡγεμόνες οἱ ἐπώνυμοι τῶν φυλῶν”, quoting from the Γῆρας of Ar. παρὰ τοὺς ἀρχηγέτας,=by the statues of the ten ἐπώνυμοι ἥρωες of the Attic tribes. Arist. fr. 85 (Berl. ed. p. 1491 a 20) “ἀρετὴ τοῦ γένους, καὶ εὐγενεῖς οἱ ἀπὸ τούτου τοῦ γένους, οὐκ ἐὰν ὁ πατὴρ εὐγενὴς ᾖ ἀλλ᾽ ἐὰν ὁ ἀρχηγός”. Isocr. or. 3 § 28 “Τεῦκρος μὲν ὁ τοῦ γένους ἡμῶν ἀρχηγός”. Plat. Tim. 21E “τῆς πόλεως θεὸς ἀρχηγός τίς ἐστιν” (of Saïs in Egypt, which claimed origin from the goddess Neith).
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