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[233] ἭφαιστοςἈθήνη. Nitzsch quotes from Plato (Polit. 274 C), who, among the various gifts of the gods, enumerates “τέχναι παρ᾽ Ἡφαίστου καὶ τῆς συντέχνου”. Athena is generally represented as the patroness of women's work, especially spinning and weaving, and so the distaff is one of her regular accompaniments. But, under the title of “Ἀθήνη Ἐργάνη”, she was worshipped as the tutelary goddess of all artisans; see Ovid, Fast.3. 815 foll., and

Ἥφαιστος ... ὃς μετ̓ Ἀθηναίης γλαυκώπιδος ἀγλαὰ ἔργα
ἀνθρώπους ἐδίδαξεν ἐπὶ χθονός

, which last two words interpret “παντοίην τέχνην”, ‘art in all its branches.’ So in Il.22. 265Hector is bidden to use all the prowess he has, “παντοίη ἀρετή”, which may be compared with Il.7. 237 foll., where Hector enumerates his various martial accomplishments.

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